The Advantages and Disadvantages of Electric Cars

Electric cars have existed for longer than people think, the first one having been built as early as the late 19th century. However, gasoline-powered cars were more affordable and available and quickly took over the market. In recent years, due to the desire of many consumers to reduce their carbon footprints and due to the increasing price of gas, electric cars have made a powerful comeback. Unlike conventional vehicles, electric cars use batteries to power all their functions and can be charged from any electric outlet. This article presents the advantages versus the disadvantages of electric cars compared to gasoline cars.


Probably the biggest advantage of electric cars is that they do not emit any carbon dioxide, while gasoline cars emit about 4.6 metric tons of carbon dioxide a year, which is about a quarter of the carbon footprint of an average person living in the US. Electric cars cost less than half as much to run than their gas-powered counterparts, saving the average driver about 600 USD a year. Plus, electricity prices are very stable compared to gas prices.


Electric cars are easy to maintain since they don’t have any of the moving parts that mechanical engines have, such as filters, pumps, and valves, which require maintenance and replacement. Electric cars run quietly and smoothly, and react faster than conventional cars. Last but not least, electric cars do not require special charging stations, and they can be charged from any electrical outlet, such as the ones in your garage or house.


Electric cars have some disadvantages too, compared to conventional cars. Although they are cheaper to run, the initial cost is higher. An electric car will not need the expensive routine maintenance a conventional car needs; however, the battery might need to be replaced once during the car’s lifetime, and an electric car battery costs about 5000 USD.


Most electric cars have a shorter driving range than conventional cars, the typical ones having a driving range of 100-150 miles. However, the Tesla Model S has an impressive range of 335 miles per charge, comparable to that of a conventional car, and the range of electric cars is increasing every year. Lastly, although electric cars can be charged from any socket, it might be difficult to find one while you are on the road, plus, they can take up to 8 hours to fully recharge. However, a lot of hotels now have electric car charging stations.


Electric cars have, of course, both advantages and disadvantages compared to conventional cars. The main advantage is that they reduce your carbon footprint, and although their initial cost is higher, they are cheaper to run, and they will save lots of money in the long run. The driving range of the typical electric car is shorter than that of a conventional car, but it’s increasing every year, as they get better and better. The charging time can take a long time for a full battery, and it might be difficult to find charging stations, but they are becoming more and more common.